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Welcome to antiX.

About antiX

antiX is a fast, lightweight and easy to install systemd-free linux live CD distribution based on Debian Stable for Intel-AMD x86 compatible systems. antiX offers users the "antiX Magic" in an environment suitable for old and new computers. So don't throw away that old computer yet! The goal of antiX is to provide a light, but fully functional and flexible free operating system for both newcomers and experienced users of Linux. It should run on most computers, ranging from 256MB old PIII systems with pre-configured swap to the latest powerful boxes. 256MB RAM is recommended minimum for antiX. The installer needs minimum 2.7GB hard disk size. antiX can also be used as a fast-booting rescue cd. Special XFCE editions made in collaboration with the MEPIS Community called MX-15 "Fusion" (released 24 December 2015) and MX-14 "Symbiosis" (released March 24, 2014) are also available. antiX MX series has a separate development schedule to antiX.

At the moment antiX-16.2 "Berta Cáceres" comes as a full distro (c695MB), a base distro (c510MB) and a core-libre distro (c190MB) for 32 bit and 64 bit computers. For those who wish to have total control over the install, use antiX-core and build up.

Present released antiX-16.2 versions, 16 June 2017: isos and md5sum files available 'Berta Cáceres'

To get a taste of antiX-16, watch the video by dolphin_oracle: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G8Aw2zzBE-g

Useful documentation:antiX-FAQ Live boot menu options Detailed guide to antiX-live MX/antiX wiki MX Users Manual

Donate: If you would like to help out with the development of antiX by donating money, go here. PayPal-Euros PayPal-US Dollars

Added on 21 January 2015. For the moment, send donations here: https://mxlinux.org/donate

MX-16.1 "Metamorphosis" editions released on 8 June 2017 can be downloaded from here:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/mx-linux/files/Final/MX-16.1/

https://mxlinux.org/download-links

News

This wiki has had new account creation disabled due to spam. If you wish to have an account on this wiki so you can add or update content you will be required to visit the antiX forum so an account can be made for you.

Old News

NEW WEBSITE and FORUM

Website here: https://antixlinux.com/

New forum here: https://www.antixforum.com/

Please use the new forums from now on.

anticapitalista, 20 October 2017, Thessaloniki

antiX-17 released

A very quick announcement for now, just to let you all know that antiX-17 “Heather Heyer” is now available.

Get the various iso files from here for now.

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Final/antiX-17/

A full announcement will follow.

Enjoy!

Please use the new website and forum.

anticapitalista, 25 October 2017, Thessaloniki

antiX-17.rc1 full versions available for public testing

We are almost there!

32 and 64 bit iso files of the 'full' version are available for further testing.

  • wicd wireless option in F4 of live boot menu. Wicd is tuned OFF by default.

As well as checking that all works as expected on an installed system, we would also like feedback on the following, in particular.

Live-usb testing for antiX-17-rc1

Console Fonts ------------- Console fonts (should never be less than 80 characters across) If kernel VGA menu appears are you asked if you want to save? Is the proper vga resolution always saved with "F8 Save"? Mount and Automount ------------------- Mount all partitions or usb partitions at boot-time with cheats: "mount=<off|usb|all>" This should be sticky on live-usb. Alternative (non-X) automount with "fstab=<auto|hotplug|test>" auto = auto mount partitions test = control automounting with the cheats: "automount" and "noautomount". hotplug = add fstab entries and /media directories but don't automatically mount Frugal and Save --------------- Does frugal + persistence + save + toram, etc all still work? Does "F8 Save" work on frugal install? Does "Save these options" work with uefi boot? On frugal? Xorg configuration ------------------ Experimental: "xorg=x" cheat uses xorg.conf created by "X -configure". This causes X to not start in Virtual Box. Does it work on your real hardware? Splash-Select ------------- In the console, splash-select let's you select a different background image. There is now an edit feature that lets you easily edit the theme file for your current splash theme. Normally you would edit the values for: tx=, ty=, tw=, and th= to change the text area. These variables correspond to: the left margin, the top margin, the width of the text area, and the height of the text area. Networking ---------- Are there any lingering problems with networking? Does the network "hotplug" if the ethernet cable is unplugged and plugged back in? There is a delay before the interface is brought down. Use "ifconfig" Does the wifi interface "hotplug" if you are able to turn your wifi hardware on and off (some laptops let you do this). Live shutdown ------------- If you notice delays at live shutdown, you can start using either "pause" or "db+" to pause at the end of shutdown so you can note down error messages.

Known issues:

  • Documentation is out of date.

Enjoy!

Get files from here:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Testing/antiX-17/

anticapitalista, 07 October 2017, Thessaloniki

antiX-17-b3-full, base, net and core-libre versions available for public testing

  • Beta3 has some bug fixes and a new kernel for 64 bit isos.
  • Still systemd and libsystemd free
  • eudev rather than udev

I have uploaded the base, net and core-libre versions for people to test. The base version includes IceWM and fits on a cd. No libreoffice though.

Known issues since a fix has still not been found.

  • IceWM and jwm task bar icon for streamlight is half size
  • IceWM themes do not increase size of icons
  • Conky blur when switching themes in IceWM

Enjoy!

Get files from here:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Testing/antiX-17/

anticapitalista, 18 August 2017, Thessaloniki

29 July 2017

antiX-17-b2-full available for public testing

One month on from the release of beta1, we are ready to test out beta2.

Hopefully we managed to fix some of the problems identified in beta 1 such as automatic connection to ethernet on live device and installed to hard drive.

Decided to use conky-legacy and gufw-legacy versions (1. to save some space and 2. to save some RAM usage 3. They both seem more stable).

Installer now prompts for keyboard set up at the beginning rather than near the end. This *should* work much better for those who want/need multi-language support.

eudev seems to be working ok so we will ship with it rather than udev. (note it is packaged as udev to avoid dependency hell, but I assure you we are using eudev).

Still known issues since I have not found a fix.

  • IceWM and jwm task bar icon for streamlight is half size
  • IceWM themes do not increase size of icons
  • Conky blur when switching themes in IceWM

The issue with IceWM is not because it is a later version built from git since the version in Debian stretch also has the issues mentioned above. My guess is its a (gtk3) theme issue.

Enjoy!

Get files from here:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Testing/antiX-17/

anticapitalista, 29 July 2017, Thessaloniki

30 June 2017

antiX-17-b1-full available for public testing

This is our first public beta of antiX-17 full version built on the recently released Debian Stretch base.

Some quick information. (Note full version no longer fits on a cd - it is c.808MB)

  • Based on Debian Stretch, but without systemd nor systemd-shim.
  • Customised 4.10.5 kernel with fbcondecor splash
  • libreoffice 5.2.7-1
  • firefox-esr 52.2.0
  • claws-mail 3.14.1-3+b1
  • xmms -for audio
  • gnome-mpv - for playing video
  • smtube 17.1.0 - play youtube videos without a using a browser
  • streamlight-antix - stream videos with very low RAM usage
  • eudev

We have also included some applications built by the MX team and ported them to this version of antiX.

  • packageinstaller replaces metapackage-installer
  • bootrepair
  • ddm-mx to set up Nvidia driver
  • codecs to easily install restricted codecs
  • broadcom manager for network troubleshooting

New applications

  • Lxkeymap to change session keyboard layout
  • Fskbsetting to set installed system keymaps

Some new and improved cli apps - please test.

  • cli-aptiX - synaptic for the command line ((WIP)
  • antiX-cli-cc - cli control centre - have fun watching videos, playing audio without any need for Xorg (WIP)
  • live-usb-maker now with encryption option

Known issues:

  • spotify does not install in packageinstaller (others?)
  • live boot - internet works ok with ethernet ootb, but does not work after installed. Use ceni to set it up again - make sure you use auto option.
  • conky blurs when switching themes in IceWM

Get files from here:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Testing/antiX-17/

anticapitalista, 30 June 2017, Thessaloniki

16 June 2017

antiX-16.2 (Berta Cáceres) point release available

Bug fix version including all updates from Debian Jessie and security patched kernels.

Existing users of antiX-16 or antiX-16.1 do not need to download and install. Simply update via the repositories.

Debian 8.8 (jessie), but systemd-free! And it fits on a cd! Great LiveUSB features!

As usual antiX comes in 3 flavours for both 32 and 64 bit processors.

antiX-full (c700MB) -4 windows managers - IceWM(default), fluxbox, jwm and herbstluftwm

antiX-base (c520MB) -3 windows managers - fluxbox(default), jwm and herbstluftwm

antiX-core-libre (c200MB) - no X. Just enough to get you connected (wired) and ready to build. Uses a libre kernel.

New net version.

antiX-core-net (c140MB) - no X. Just enough to get you connected (wired) and ready to build. No localisation set, no grub. Uses antiX kernel.

Customised 4.4.10 LTS kernel with fbcondecor splash

antiX has been designed to be fast, light on resources and flexible.

Install it to hard drive, run it live from a stick or run as a frugal install on a partition.

  • Based on Debian Jessie, but without systemd nor systemd-shim.
  • Customised 4.4.10 LTS kernel with fbcondecor splash
  • libreoffice 4.3.3-2
  • firefox-esr 52.2.0
  • claws-mail 3.13.0
  • xmms -for audio
  • gnome-mplayer - for playing video
  • smtube 17.1.0 - play youtube videos without a using a browser
  • streamlight-antix - stream videos with very low RAM usage.
  • eudev is available in the antiX dev repo.

File managers and desktop:

Convert your video and audio files with:

Connect to the net with:

  • wicd
  • ceni
  • or gnome-ppp if you are still on dial-up

Editors:

  • geany
  • leafpad
  • Midnight Commander

Tools for remastering and creating snapshots of installed system:

  • iso-snapshot
  • remaster tools
  • Unetbootin
  • antix2usb
  • live-usb-maker
  • live-kernel-updater

Others:

  • hexchat - gui chat
  • luckybackup - excellent backup tool. There's nothing lucky about it!
  • simple-scan - for scanning documents
  • transmission-gtk - torrent downloader
  • wingrid-antix - turn the stacking window managers into tilers.
  • xf86-video-sis-antix - added since it is not in Debian jessie
  • Xfburn for burning cd/dvd
  • connectshares-antix for network shares
  • droopy-antix - an easy way to transfer files over the net.
  • flashplugin-nonfree - flash video
  • install-meta-antix - install applications easily and safely
  • antiX Control Centre - an easy way to do just about anything!

Why not try out our included 'cli' apps:

  • Editors: nano and vim
  • Newsreader: newsbeuter
  • Chat: irssi
  • Audio player: mocp
  • Video player: mpv
  • Audio ripper: abcde
  • Torrent: rtorrent
  • Cd burner: cdw
  • Writer: Wordgrinder

Great LiveUSB features:

o fast boot times without systemd (X in under 10 seconds on new boxes running live) o auto-customizable bootloaders (legacy and uefi) o easy persistence and easy frugal installs o remasters and respins o legacy and 32-bit uefi and 64-bit uefi

For more detailed information, see release notes for antiX-16 below.

Get files from here:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Final/antiX-16/

anticapitalista, 16 June 2017, Thessaloniki

23 April 2017

antiX-stretch a3 available

Hopefully most of the bugs found in a2 have been fixed.

This version ships with:

  • 4.10.5 kernel
  • virtualbox guest modules (which seem to be broken).
  • qt5ct for setting qt themes (problematic)
  • User manager (needs testing, parts are almost certainly broken).
  • apt sources includes onion.list for use with tor (not included)
  • advert block hosts file updated
  • apt-transport-https included
  • new default wallpaper and login background
  • icewm themes extended
  • no qt4 apps wpasupplicant inbuilt to use qt5
  • env-info (neofetch for old hardware!)
  • wicd enabled but not added to taskbar since it adds c20MB RAM
  • live-usb-maker has encryption option (work in progress and only for the cli version at the moment)

Known issues:

  • Live boot in Virtualbox seems to break the consoles so on boot you do not see the final set of text, and on reboot/halt, you do not see the eject cd message. Just wait 5 secs or so and press Enter.

You may ask why include it if it is broken. To see if it is indeed broken for all and to see if someone out there knows why and has a fix.

  • Qt5 theming seems to be pretty random/broken (upstream).
  • IceWM theme switching /conky readout blurred as on a2. Can't find a fix for this. Just turn off conky in the menu and turn it back on again to remove the blur.

Get the iso or delta patch a2-a3 from here:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Testing/antiX-17/

anticapitalista, 23 April 2017, Thessaloniki

22 March 2017

New antiX repositories

antiX is now using these repositories. The existing/old ones will still work, but the new ones will be the default for antiX-17 stretch.

#Use with Debian Stable/stretch repositories. Set as default for antiX-17. Note new repos deb http://repo.antixlinux.com/stretch stretch main nosystemd #Use with Debian Testing repositories. #deb http://repo.antixlinux.com/testing testing main nosystemd #Use with Debian Sid repositories. #deb http://repo.antixlinux.com/sid sid main nosystemd

Hopefully, at some point, the mirrors will pick up the new stretch one.

anticapitalista, 22 March 2017, Thessaloniki

20 March 2017

antiX-17-a2 32 bit only for testing

  • First public alpha build of Debian stretch based antiX-17-full (32 bit for now).
  • You will notice it no longer fits on a cd.
  • Default cheats disable wicd and user will need to use ceni to connect to net (wlan and/or ethernet).
  • Some debranded MX are included.
  • Luckybackup is locally built by me with qt5 and needs testing.

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Testing/antiX-17/

anticapitalista, 20 March 2017, Thessaloniki

25 February 2017

Security kernel upgrades

All users of antiX-16 jessie series will/should upgrade their kernels, hopefully it will be automatic with an apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade The fixed versions are the 4.4.10 and 4.6.2 versions for 32 and 64 bit, and their gnu equivalents.

The patches fix this security issue:

https://thehackernews.com/2017/02/linux-kernel-local-root.html

anticapitalista, 25 February 2017, Thessaloniki

NB: Those using proprietary drivers will need to re-install them after upgrading the kernel.

10 February 2017

antiX alpha 2 net images 'stretch' versions available

As before - the blurb -

Want to build up from the bare minimum to create your own personalised antiX Debian systemd-free install?

Then, try our net.iso install images.

Available for 32 and 64 bit processors for Debian stretch.(Note that since Stretch is a moving target so libsystemd0 might get installed)

Images are just over 150MB.

What's on the iso?

  • New! 4.9.6 custom antiX kernel and headers (not libre)
  • cli-installer
  • antiX live system and persistence
  • cli remastering
  • live-kernel-updater
  • live-usb-maker
  • nano for editing
  • rsync
  • eudev - let me know how well this works
  • sysvinit as init default. No systemd or libsystemd0
  • gettext-base, lockfile-progs, xz-utils, (bugfix)
  • console-date and lsb-release will get installed during the installation stage (bugfix)
  • libudev1 and libudev-dev to avoid dependency issues after installation since we ship with eudev

Get them here:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Testing/antiX-17/ Stretch

These images are offered to experienced Debian users since the cli-installer assumes that users have some knowledge of Linux.

On first boot, follow the instructions to login as root and start the cli-installer.

Make sure you have an Internet connection before running the installer and you know the partition you want to install onto eg sdb2.

You MUST say 'Yes' to the 'Are you using a net install? question and you must install grub to the MBR.

At the moment UEFI install is not supported.

Watch dopphin_oracle's superb series Build a Custom antiX-Mate iso here:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZSVd1cRIWAI&list=PLTRkAa6x1htUfJURh_cs-F8kteDlUBwCC

Enjoy and send feedback to the forums!

anticapitalista, 10 February 2017, Thessaloniki

03 February 2017

URGENT

It was brought to my attention by antiX user Rademes that the Dirty COW vulnerability was still present on 64 bit antiX-16 (not 64 bit antiX-16.1 nor 32 bit antiX-16)) after a dist-upgrade.

For some reason the correct linux-image deb was updated, but does not auto-upgrade even though the headers do.

All 64bit antiX-16 users (full, base and core) should do the following.

apt-get update apt-get dist-upgrade apt-get install --reinstall linux-headers-4.4.10-antix.1-amd64-smp linux-image-4.4.10-antix.1-amd64-smp

anticapitalista, 03 February 2017, Thessaloniki

25 January 2017

antiX net images available

Want to build up from the bare minimum to create your own personalised antiX Debian systemd-free install?

Then, try our net.iso install images.

Available for 32 and 64 bit processors for Debian jessie and Debian stretch.(Note that since Stretch is a moving target so libsystemd0 might get installed)

Images are under 150MB.

What's on the iso?

  • 4.4.10 custom antiX kernel and headers (not libre)
  • cli-installer
  • antiX live system and persistence
  • cli remastering
  • live-kernel-updater
  • live-usb-maker
  • nano for editing
  • rsync
  • eudev - let me know how well this works.
  • sysvinit as init default. No systemd or libsystemd0.

Get them here:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Final/antiX-16/ Jessie

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Testing/antiX-17/ Stretch

These images are offered to experienced Debian users since the cli-installer assumes that users have some knowledge of Linux.

On first boot, follow the instructions to login as root and start the cli-installer.

Make sure you have an Internet connection before running the installer and you know the partition you want to install onto eg sdb2.

You MUST say 'Yes' to the 'Are you using a net install? question and you must install grub to the MBR.

At the moment UEFI install is not supported.

Enjoy!

PS MATE desktop is in the antiX repos for jessie, testing (stretch) and sid. Rebuilt to remove any systemd and/or libsystemd0 dependencies!

PS2 For live-remaster and persistence to work better, install gettext-base, lockfile-progs, xz-utils and p7zip

anticapitalista, 17 January 2017, Thessaloniki

17 January 2017

antiX-16.1 (Berta Cáceres) released

Bug fix version including all updates from Debian Jessie and security patched kernels.

Existing users of antiX-16 do not need to download and install. Simply update via the repositories.

So what is new.

Not a lot! BUT we have included 2 excellent new applications: live-kernel-updater and live-usb-maker.

Debian 8.7 (jessie), but systemd-free! And it fits on a cd! Great LiveUSB features!

As usual antiX comes in 3 flavours for both 32 and 64 bit processors.

antiX-full (c695MB) -4 windows managers - IceWM(default), fluxbox, jwm and herbstluftwm

antiX-base (c510MB) -3 windows managers - fluxbox(default), jwm and herbstluftwm

antiX-core-libre (c190MB) - no X. Just enough to get you connected (wired) and ready to build. Uses a libre kernel.

  • Customised 4.4.10 LTS kernel with fbcondecor splash

antiX has been designed to be fast, light on resources and flexible.

Install it to hard drive, run it live from a stick or run as a frugal install on a partition.

For more detailed information, see release notes for antiX-16 below.

Get files from here:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Final/antiX-16/

Also see here for mirrors and torrents:

http://antix.mepis.org/index.php?title=Main_Page#Downloads

Enjoy!

anticapitalista, 17 January 2017, Thessaloniki

13 December 2016

MX-16 (Metamorphosis) released

The dev team of MX Linux is pleased to announce the release of MX-16 - code named "Metamorphosis".

Built on the reliable and stable Debian Jessie (8.6) base with extra enhancements from the antiX live system, it also comes with numerous up to date applications provided by the MX Linux packagers. Just like previous versions of MX, this release defaults to sysVinit.

Available in 32 and 64 bit. Both iso files weigh in at around 1.2GB in size.

torrents:

Basic traits:

Kernels (secured against known vulnerabilities)

  • 32bit: Linux kernel 3.16 PAE or non-PAE. Very stable kernel for many machines.
  • 64bit: linux-image-4.7.0-0.bpo.1-amd64 (version 4.7.8-1). Recent stable kernel for newer machines.
  • Easy upgrade or downgrade with Package Installer

Foundation

  • Debian Stable "Jessie" (8.6), upgraded by ongoing backports
  • Xfce 4.12.2
  • core antiX systems
  • Automatic enabling of most Broadcom drivers
  • UEFI installer (64bit)

Key default applications

  • Browser: Firefox 50.0.2
  • Video Player: VLC 2.2.4
  • Music Manager/Player: Clementine 1.3.1
  • Email client: Thunderbird 45.5.1
  • Office suite: LibreOffice 5.2.2
  • Backup: LuckyBackup 0.4.8
  • Security: Passwords and Keys 3.14.0
  • Terminal: Xfce4 Terminal 0.6.2

User Experience

  • Stable
  • Easy and flexible installation
  • Excellent hardware recognition
  • Automatic configuration for most users
  • One-click change of panel orientation and default theme
  • One-click enabling of Event sounds
  • Important applications updated regularly by Community
  • MX Tools dashboard for easy access to MX apps
  • Localization for MX apps in many languages
  • Great help through video set
  • Full Users Manual onboard and online
  • Excellent support on a friendly forum

MX Original Apps to make common tasks easier

Live

  • Create Live USB
  • Remaster tool
  • Snapshot

Maintenance

  • Boot repair
  • Flash manager
  • Menu editor
  • User manager

Setup

  • Broadcom manager
  • Codecs installer
  • Default look
  • Panel orientation
  • Select sound
  • System sounds
  • Welcome

Software

  • Apt notifier
  • Check Apt GPG
  • Debian Backports installer
  • Package installer
  • Repo manager
  • Test Repo installer

Utilities

  • Find shares
  • Switch user
  • USB unmounter

One-click Extras with Package Installer

  • Children: Preschool, Primary, etc.
  • Graphics: ImageMagik, Inkscape, etc.
  • Network: Skype, Dropbox, etc.
  • Office: GnuCash, Adobe Reader, Calibre, etc.
  • System: KDE, LXDE, MATE, etc.
  • Audio: Audacity, DeaDBeeF, Pithos, etc.
  • Video: DVDStyler, MPlayer, OpenShot, etc

Advanced LiveUSB

  • Many new Live boot options
  • Run in Live mode in 10 languages
  • Easy Live-remaster to make a custom LiveUSB or your own version to distribute as an ISO
  • Three forms of Live persistence (i.e., what files are kept on the LiveUSB)
  • Easy "frugal" installation option
  • Simple creation of custom snapshots (as easy as: add/remove packages, change settings, take a snapshot)
  • Automatic check of LiveUSB file systems for integrity
  • Live kernel installer
  • Live usb maker

Enjoy and please post feedback over at the MX Linux forum.

https://forum.mxlinux.org/index.php

anticapitalista, on behalf of the MX Linux team.

13 December, 2016, Thessaloniki.

27 June 2016

antiX-16 (Berta Cáceres) released

Debian 8.5 (jessie), but systemd-free! And it fits on a cd! Great LiveUSB features!

We initially set out to add a few enhancements on top of antiX-15 in preparation for a stretch release, but we got carried away and added lots of features particularly when running live.

As usual antiX comes in 3 flavours for both 32 and 64 bit processors.

antiX-full (c695MB) -4 windows managers - IceWM(default), fluxbox, jwm and herbstluftwm

antiX-base (c510MB) -3 windows managers - fluxbox(default), jwm and herbstluftwm

antiX-core-libre (c190MB) - no X. Just enough to get you connected (wired) and ready to build. Uses a libre kernel.

antiX has been designed to be fast, light on resources and flexible.

Install it to harddrive, run it live from a stick or run as a frugal install on a partition.

Want to run antiX on a usb device with persistence? antiX does this simply and effectively.

Want to remaster your running live system? antiX makes this easy.

Want to create an iso file of your installed to hard drive system? Yes, antiX has this feature too.

Want to run live on a box with UEFI bootloader? antiX can do this.

Want to run bleeding edge Debian Testing (stretch) or sid? Offered at installation. Be aware that this option is a 'moving target' and is NOT recommended for inexperienced users.

The choice is yours!

So what is included?

Lots! Explore!

  • Based on Debian Jessie, but without systemd nor systemd-shim.
  • Customised 4.4.10 LTS kernel with fbcondecor splash
  • libreoffice 4.3.3-2
  • firefox-esr 45.2.0
  • claws-mail 3.13.0
  • xmms -for audio
  • gnome-mplayer - for playing video
  • smtube 16.3.0 - play youtube videos without a using a browser
  • streamlight-antix - stream videos with very low RAM usage.
  • eudev is available in the antiX dev repo.

File managers and desktop:

Convert your video and audio files with:

Connect to the net with:

  • wicd
  • ceni
  • or gnome-ppp if you are still on dial-up

Editors:

  • geany
  • leafpad
  • Midnight Commander

Tools for remastering and creating snapshots of installed system:

  • iso-snapshot
  • remaster tools
  • Unetbootin
  • antix2usb

Others:

  • hexchat - gui chat
  • luckybackup - excellent backup tool. There's nothing lucky about it!
  • simple-scan - for scanning documents
  • transmission-gtk - torrent downloader
  • wingrid-antix - turn the stacking window managers into tilers.
  • xf86-video-sis-antix - added since it is not in Debian jessie
  • Xfburn for burning cd/dvd
  • connectshares-antix for network shares
  • droopy-antix - an easy way to transfer files over the net.
  • flashplugin-nonfree - flash video
  • install-meta-antix - install applications easily and safely
  • antiX Control Centre - an easy way to do just about anything!

Why not try out our included 'cli' apps:

  • Editors: nano and vim
  • Newsreader: newsbeuter
  • Chat: irssi
  • Audio player: mocp
  • Video player: mpv
  • Audio ripper: abcde
  • Torrent: rtorrent
  • Cd burner: cdw
  • Writer: Wordgrinder

Great LiveUSB features:

o fast boot times without systemd (X in under 10 seconds on new boxes running live) o auto-customizable bootloaders (legacy and uefi) o easy persistence and easy frugal installs o remasters and respins o legacy and 32-bit uefi and 64-bit uefi

In more detail:

We make use of the LiveUSB to save information even if home or root persistence are not enabled. The goal is to make the LiveUSB more convenient without sacrificing user control. Such saved information includes:

1) LiveUSB-Storage Feature 2) SaveState Feature 3) BIOS Bootloader "F8 Save" --> save 4) UEFI Bootloader "Customize (with text menus)" 5) Sticky boot options

LiveUSB-Storage directories are created for the root user and the demo users. This gives you easy, direct access to store files on the LiveUSB without having to enable persistence. The only size limitation is the size of the LiveUSB partition You can disable this with the "nostore" cheat.

The savestate feature saves a few files across reboots. For example files for wicd are saved so the system will remember your wireless networks and passwords. You control which files get saved by editing the list in /live/antiX/state/general-state-files and /live/antiX/state/machine-state-files. The general files are saved and restored across machines while the machine files are saved and restored for each machine so each machine can have its own copy.

  • Sticky LiveUSB boot options

In addition, several options automatically become "sticky" (remembered across reboots) even if persistence is not enabled. There are:

automount Automatically mount partitions when plugged-in*** mount=usb Mount all USB partitions at boot-time*** mount=all Mount ALL partitions at boot-time*** desktop=xxxxx Saves the last desktop you selected*** savestate Enables saving state files nosavestate Disable saving state files nostore Disable the LiveUSB-Storage feature dostore Enable the LiveUSB-Storage feature

For example, if you don't want the LiveUSB-Storage feature enabled then you just need to select "nostore" once from the "F4 Options" menu. The feature will stay disabled until you use the "dostore" boot option.

  • F4 Options --> automount should work now

File systems that use FUSE (ntfs-3g and exfat) will still need to be mounted manually. Even FUSE file systems will get mounted at boot-time with "mount=usb" and "mount=all" boot options.

  • The Live UEFI bootloader has been improved

There is now a Save option when you select "Customize boot (text menus)". It works like the F8 Save menu in the BIOS bootloader. If a Windows UEFI bootloader is detected in the first partition of the first hard drive then we offer an option to chain load to windows. Various console resolutions are available in the bootloader menu. You can also adjust the resolution manually when you edit an entry.

  • The nosysv=xxx option has been renamed to disable=xxx

(although "nosysv" should still work). The services that are disabled are no longer printed to the screen, instead they are listed in the file /etc/live/config/disabled.

  • The live boot is less chatty with fewer bogus errors and warnings

You can make the startup even more terse by using the "verb=4" cheat. This may not be fully compatible with some of the advanced LiveUSB options.

  • The default retry time has increased from 10 to 15 seconds

This is how long we look for the linuxfs file before giving up. If you use the "failsafe" option then it is set to 30 seconds. The default retry time for finding a frugal or persistence partition is still 10 seconds. You can adjust all of these times with "try=xx".

If you want Debian without systemd, give antiX a try. It works great on old boxes and the latest and greatest.

Many thanks to all who worked, tested, promoted and helped antiX.

  • BitJam
  • Dave
  • dolphin_oracle
  • SamK
  • Translators at antiX Launchpad
  • rokytnji, masinick, dark-D, rust collector, eugen-b, Alanarchy, skidoo, peregrine, lagopus, jdmeaux1952, spaceman, james c, jerry, fatmac, balloon, chrispop99, Shay, kmathern and others I may have forgotten for testing, contributing to antiX and promoting antiX as widely as possible.
  • SliTaz for mountbox.
  • old sidux team for install-meta package.
  • Maato for volumeicon http://softwarebakery.com/maato/volumeicon.html
  • Michael Deelwater for burniso.
  • petya@nigilist.ru for ps_initrd.sh.
  • tradetaxfree for zram script.
  • P@draigBrady.com for ps_mem.py.
  • SamK for unplugdrive.sh, JWM conguration files, droopy, Connectshares, streamlight, wingrid
  • Adrian for mx-snapshot on which iso-snapshot is heavily based and the gui installer.
  • kexolino for the wallpaper Wooden as well as Consuming_the_light_side and pier
  • linux-bbq for cool scripts (discover them)!
  • angband devs for some systemd-free debs

not forgetting, of course,

  • antiX Community
  • MEPIS Community
  • Debian team and volunteers.
  • All software developers.

and all users, testers, suggesters, torrent seeders and friends at antiX and MEPIS forums.

and many more...

Get files from here:

https://sourceforge.net/projects/antix-linux/files/Final/antiX-16/

Also see here for mirrors and torrents:

http://antix.mepis.org/index.php?title=Main_Page#Downloads

Enjoy!

anticapitalista, 27 June 2016, Thessaloniki.

NB: antiX MX (Xfce) series follows a different release schedule and is not included in this release.

  • If you want to try eudev, add dev to /etc/apt/sources.list.d/antix.list as shown below and then do apt-get dist-upgrade

deb http://ftp.cc.uoc.gr/mirrors/linux/mx/antix/jessie jessie main nosystemd dev

  • The present installer does not allow for capital letters in the username. If you wish to have an installer that does this, use the one in the dev repo (see above). This installer should work ok, but it has not been extensively tested.

Known issues:

Users should delete the streamtuber2 folder in ~/.config and upgrade to the latest in the repository. Some stations crash on first use eg shoutcast, but work just fine afterwards.

Downloads

Torrents

Please seed torrents once you have downloaded antiX or MX. Thanks.

antiX

32 bit:

64 bit:

MX-16

Mirrors/Download

antiX-16:

In Europe:

MX-16 All download-links

Packages

You may want to make some changes to the sources.list files to get a location closer to where you are.

antiX-16 - edit /etc/apt/sources.list.d/antix.list

Ecuador, South America

deb http://mirror.cedia.org.ec/mx-workspace/antix/jessie jessie main nosystemd

California, USA

deb http://iso.mxrepo.com/antix/jessie/ jessie main nosystemd

The Netherlands, Europe

deb http://nl.mxrepo.com/antix/jessie/ jessie main nosystemd

Crete, Greece, Europe

deb http://ftp.cc.uoc.gr/mirrors/linux/mx/antix/jessie jessie main nosystemd

Taiwan, Asia

deb http://ftp.yzu.edu.tw/Linux/mx-workspace/antix/jessie/ jessie main jessie nosystemd

New Zealand

deb http://mx.debian.nz/antix/jessie/ jessie main jessie nosystemd

Video

antiX video guides by runwiththedolphin

antiX-16

Introducing antiX-16

What's new in antiX-16

Installing antiX-16

antiX-15

What's New!

1-to-1 assistance

1-to-1 Voice

Find and Mount Network Shares (includes updated connectshares info)

Personal Menu & Menu Manager

antiX-13

Installing antiX-13

Set up wireless with wicd

Customise the desktop

Browsing and Mounting Samba/Windows shares

antiX and Netflix

antiX and ROX

antiX and SpaceFM

Installing AntiX 13.2

AntiX 13 upgrade to Antix 13.2

Antix 13 - How to Install Updates

Others.

Video review of antiX-13

Como Instalar AntiX 13 Full

antiX-13

sneekylinux video

Video review of antiX-13-beta1

Not a video, but a review article of Best-Linux-For-Old-Computer

http://jponline.hubpages.com/hub/Best-Linux-For-Old-Computer

Quick Tips

antix.mepis.org

antiX - Дистрибутивы - Система - СОФТ для дома

antiX - это быстрый, облегченный и легко устанавливаемый дистрибутив Linux, основаный на Debian Testing и MEPIS для Intel-AMD x86 совместимых систем. Цель antiX-а - это предоставить облегченную, но функциональную и гибкую бесплатную операционную систему, как для новичков, так и для опытных пользователей Linux.AntiX должен запускаться почти на всех компьютерах, оснащенных 64Мб ОЗУ, начиная с PII 266 систем. Однако, 128Мб ОЗУ - это рекомендуемый объем, необходимый для antiX. Установка требует минимум 1.2 Гб дискового пространства на жестком диске. antiX также может служить, как быстро загружаемый спасательный cd.Oкружение AntiX основано на оконном менеджере IceWM, рабочем столе ROX Desktop и файловом менеджере Thunar. В качестве альтернативных оконных менеджеров предусмотрена возможность активации Fluxbox, wmii и dwm.Из входящих в комплект приложений можно отметить пакет Iceape (Seamonkey), текстовый процессор AbiWord, табличный процессор Gnumeric, аудиопроигрыватели qmmp и goggles, видеопроигрыватели gxine, MPlayer и GNOME MPlayer, клиент для мгновенного обмена сообщениями Pidgin, конфигураторы gppp, wicd, umt-panel2 (GPRS/UMTS/3G) и ceni.В июне прошлого года увидел свет Antix 15, версии, представленные на странице — с последними кумулятивными обновлениями на февраль 2016 года. Вот что пишут разработчики на своей официальной странице о своем детище: Antix-15 доступен и готова стабильная версия. Мы надеемся, что Вам понравится. Как и в предыдущих выпусках, Antix-15 поставляется в 2 вариантах: для 32 и 64-битных процессоров, и всё помещается на компакт-диск (хотя зачем он нужен, если можно установить на флешку, программа записи на USB Unetbootin Windows есть на странице загрузки дистрибутива)Antix весит 667MB, и в нем УЖЕ есть все необходимое для работы.В полной версии 4 оконных менеджера - IceWM (по умолчанию), Fluxbox, JWM и herbstluftwm (567MB)В облегченной версии 3 оконных менеджера - Fluxbox (по умолчанию), JWM и herbstluftwm (222MB).Antix использует GZIP сжатие файлов SquashFS / linuxfs, что означает более быструю загрузку для рабочего стола с меньшим использованием памяти.При запуске Antix забирает всего 60 мегабайт оперативной памяти, что ОЧЕНЬ мало для современных (да и для старых) систем. Это означает, что этот Линукс встанет на очень старое железо, и есть у вас дома завалялся старый ноутбук, то самое время достать его с полки и установить на него Antix. Несколько необычная для Линуксов установка на жесткий диск, но ничего сложного, как установить Antix есть в приложенном мануале на русском языке в архиве MX Linux Users Manual.zip на странице загрузки. Дистрибутив хотя и основан на Debian, но установщик у него свой, как был 10 лет назад, таким и остался.Скриншоты установки и системы в целом, как обычно — в архиве. Рабочее окружение можно менять на лету, не нужно выходить из системы, как это происходит обычно. Все столы легкие, похожи друг на друга, но видимо у кого-то есть свои предпочтения. Ещё одно интересное решение с Adblock, этим ненавистным многим вебмастерам блокировщиком рекламы. В этом дистрибутиве данная программа не установлена в браузер, как расширение, а стоит как отдельная программа, которая на уровне системы может блокировать рекламу. В Antix установлено изначально много нужного софта, а это значит, что новичок может пользоваться им сразу, из коробки. Даже adobe flash, и тот уже поставили. Так же есть свой менеджер программ, свой центр управления и много чего еще. В конце года (24 декабря 2015) опубликовано сообщение разработчиками о выпуске версии MX-15.01. Это такой Debian с рабочим окружением Xfce.Операционная система хорошо русифицирована и достаточно (даже избыточно) наполнена утилитами и программами. Интересная особенность. В ОС установлена фирменная программа для приготовления в 3 клика ISO-образов из Snapshot-ов. Правда процесс протекает несколько медленней, чем в программе Systemback, но на выходе получаем папку с образом и файлом контрольной суммы. В версии MX-15 окошки ещё и на русском. MX Linux является специальной версией antiX, разработанной в тесном сотрудничестве с MEPIS Community, используя самыелучшие инструменты и возможности из каждого дистрибутива. Эта ОС средней весовой категории спроектирована длясочетания в ней элегантного и эффективного рабочего стола с простой конфигурацией, высокой стабильностью,производительностью и средним размером. Она применяет Xfce 4.12 в качестве окружения рабочего стола на базе DebianStable; продолжающиеся обновления из репозиториев поддерживают ее в актуальном состоянии.Количество и размер приложений были ограничены, чтобы уменьшить размер для скачивания и уменьшить необходимостьудаления ненужных пакетов; установка одним щелчком многих популярных дополнительных пакетов доступно в MX Установщике пакетов.Хотя Antix является "родителем по коду" для MX Linux, последняя поставляется с особым набором приложений и процедур, которые во многих случаях полностью отличаются. MX Linux опирается на великолепную подготовительную работу в Linux, Debian и Xfce. Она также включает независимые и инновационные продукты разработки.antiX Live и antiX Live MX (USB или CD) загружается на компьютере без доступа к жесткому диску. Он копирует виртуальную файловую систему в память, которая выступает в качестве центра временной операционной системы для компьютера. Когда Вы закончите Live сессию, всё на Вашем компьютере вернется к тому, что было, без изменений.Это обеспечивает ряд преимуществ:Это позволяет запускать antiX на Вашем компьютере без установки. Это позволяет определить, является ли antiX совместимым с Вашим оборудованием. Это поможет Вам почувствовать, как работает antiX, и изучить некоторые из его особенностей. Вы можете решить, хотите ли Вы использовать antiX, не затрагивая установленную раннее операционную систему.Запуск antiX Live при использовании Live CD также имеет и некоторые недостатки:- Вследствие того, что вся система работает в сочетании оперативной памяти и носителя, antiX потребуется большеоперативной памяти, и система будет работать медленнее, чем если бы была установлена на жестком диске.Некоторые необычные аппаратные средства, которым требуются специализированные драйверы или пользовательскаяконфигурация, могут не работать в antiX Live.

И несколько замечаний. Во время трёх-четырёх часового ознакомления с системой не смог примонтировать к antiX остальные разделы жесткого диска — постоянно выдавало какую-то ошибку, скриншоты выгрузил в Инет, а не перенес на медиа диск, русифицируется не полностью, хотя всё довольно просто. А так — шустренький дистрибутивчик, без зависаний и торможений. Читайте мануал, конечно, иногда несколько коряво звучит на русском языке, но всё подробненько и просто. И смотрите видео на странице загрузки

Системные требования:- Для системы antiX, устанавливаемой на жесткий диск:- Процессор: 800 МГц +- Оперативная память: 256 MB для настольного компьютера / LiveCD минимум, 512 MB рекомендуется- Место на жестком диске: от 3 Гб (минимум), 5-8 Гб рекомендуется- Графическая карта и монитор, поддерживающий разрешение 800 х 600 и выше Для системы MX Linux, устанавливаемой на жесткий диск, как правило, нужны следующие компонентыМинимум для antiX MX- CD / DVD-привод (и BIOS, поддерживающий загрузку с этого диска), или Live USB (и BIOS, поддерживающий загрузку с USB)- Современный i486 Intel или AMD процессор- 512 Мб памяти- 5 Гб свободного пространства на жестком диске- SoundBlaster, AC97 или HDA-совместимая звуковая карта.Рекомендуется- CD / DVD-привод (и BIOS, поддерживающий загрузку с этого диска), или Live USB (и BIOS, который поддерживает загрузку с USB)- Современный i686 Intel или AMD процессор- 1 Гб оперативной памяти или больше- По крайней мере, 10 ГБ свободного пространства на жестком диске3D-видеокарта, способная на поддержку 3-D рабочего стола

dmasterlugansk.ucoz.com

Дети MEPIS’а: antiX и MX Linux — Наш Блогосайт: Linux и «лирика»

Алексей Федорчук

Ныне на фоне популярности Ubuntu, её сородичей и клонов как-то забылся тот факт, что она не была первой юзеролюбивой системой быстрого развёртывания, первой СБР, основанной на Debian’е и первой deb based СБР, породившей производные системы. По первому и второму пунктам приоритет безусловно принадлежит дистрибутиву Storm Linux, который далеко опередил своё время и потому вскоре прекратил своё развитие. Прочно (и заслуженно) забылись проекты Corel Linux и Lindows, вместе со всеми их эпигонами. Однако в том же поколении, если смотреть сквозь призму лет от сегодняшнего дня, был и ещё такой дистрибутив, как MEPIS.

Проект MEPIS возник в начале нулевых годов как одна из первых попыток параллельного развития свободного варианта системы и нескольких его коммерческих версий, предназначенных для разных задач (о чём некогда говорилось на этой странице). К настоящему времени развитие его прекратилось: последние версии дистрибутива датируются августом 2013 года, и никакой жизнедеятельности на его официальном сайте нынче не наблюдается.

Однако за десять лет существования вокруг MPIS’а успело сложиться сообщество, имеющее свой сайт, вполне активный форум, а главное, развивающее два порождённых дистрибутива — antiX и MX Linux. На первый из них я как-то прошедшей осенью поглядел краем глаза — показался интересным как решение для пресловутых старых и слабых машин: его Live-образ позволяет «на лету», прямо в «живой» сессии, выбрать любой из трёх оконных менеджеров, таких, как JWM:

Fluxbox:

или IceWM (который я заскриншотить не удосужился). Однако лично для меня все эти три варианта показались не актуальными, ибо, честно говоря, возиться с настройками оконных менеджеров нынче откровенно лень.

А вот о MX Linux я давеча услышал от Валерия Моторина (широко известного dв узких кругах посетителей некоторых ресурсов как Zenwolf) — и слова его были самые хорошие. Мнению Валерия я привык доверять — у него удивительная способность откапывать малоизвестные, но интересные дистрибутивы. Так, некогда именно от него я узнал и о Zenwalk’е, и о Salix’е, которые использовал потом достаточно долгое время (а о Salix’е даже написал электронную книгу). И потому немедленно отправился за образом MX-Linux’а.

Способы обретения образа дистрибутива перечислены на этой странице. Здесь же можно видеть, что распространяется этот дистрибутив в сборках для обеих архитектур. Причём сборка для i386 включает ядра как с PAE, так и без оной, что последнее время стало очень актуально для неактуальных конфигураций.

Но мне, разумеется, была нужна 64-битная сборка, образ которой имеет объём менее гигабайта (985 МБ, Карл!), а включает в себя… через несколько минут расскажу, что он в себя включает. Потому что сначала с него нужно загрузиться (для начала я сделал это в виртуальной машине) через стандартное меню Isolinux’а, с возможностью выбора языка (например, русского):

Во время загрузки сообщения о её ходе волшебным образом, прямо на глазах, русифицируются:

После чего загружается Xfce версии 4.12, с заставкой-приветствием:

Вот теперь и выясняется, что менее чем гигабайтный образ содержит не какой-нибудь там облегчённый набор приложений, привычный по многим дистрибутивам, титульным десктопом в которых является Xfce (например, тому же Salix’у), а самый что ни на есть полный, включающий LibreOffice, GIMP, VLC, Firefox с Thunderbird’ом, разную «мелочь», обычную для Gtk based сред, и даже несколько игр:

Интерфейс среды организован образом, отличным от «стандартно-апстримовского» образа Xfce: левостороннее расположение главной управляющей панели, в качестве главного меню используется плагин Whisker со встроенной строкой инкрементного поиска, придающий среде «Cinnamon’ноподобный» вид:

Короче говоря, по умолчанию десктоп в MX-Linux выглядит примерно так, как я настраиваю Xfce для машин с небольшим дисплеев. Осознав это, я понял, что это — прекрасный кандидат для системы на мою много пережившую Нотебучку, и отправился устанавливать дистрибутив. Правда, сначала, для страховки, в виртуальной машине, о чём расскажу на следующей странице.

Оглавление

alv.me

A Review of Antix Linux, the small Linux from Mepis

Antix. Small, but what potential

What is Antix? It's a small Linux distro created by the Mepis folks. Mepis is a custom Linux distribution based on the Debian archive. It provides an exceptionally easy to use version of Linux, easily adapted to by Windows users. Being derived from Debian gives Antix a vast library of tasks that can be easily installed using the Debian apt-get package manager instruction. Here's a comical Linux t-shirt design that makes a play on the Rock Horror Picture Show and Debians apt-get flexibility: Just Apt-Get It. This Debian compatibility makes Antix one of the most expandable lite Linux versions.

Antix is available online, where you can download a file and burn your own CD or DVD. You can also get it perhaps more conveniently with this 32gb Multiboot USB Flash Drive, 30 Bootable Linux Systems. Wifi, Windows Repair distribution, which has Antix plus many other Linux distros you can try.

As Antix is the light version of Mepis Linux, it is likewise built around a few compact window managers that provide the X11 interface. The Antix version I obtained installs with either ICEWM or Fluxbox. Both window managers are amazingly small, amazingly configurable, and amazingly functional. No matter what version of Linux I try, I usually end up using either ICEWM or Fluxbox in the end.

Antix is a compact Linux distro, having a small footprint both in memory and disk. The 2.6.32-1 kernel version I installed initially took only about 850 megabytes of disk space. In the install is included a number of efficient and small utilities, like Conky (shown above), a minimal but useful system monitor. This handy utility can be turned on and off by way of the Fluxbox Menu, and configured by editing the .conkyrc file.

Above you see the Fluxbox menu expanded. Note that it has entries that cover many typical user functions, each rather minimal in resource. The biggest resource hog is probably the iceape web browser. Smaller browsers are included if you need them, including dillo and links2. Editors include leafpad, nano, and Xedit. These small but functional applications show the flavor of Antix. Other than the browsers and editors mentioned, Antix contains the Rox-filer and midnight commander as file managers, and a small host of admin utilities.

Antix uses a text-based utility called Ceni-network for setting up your network connection, and it works rather well. I have an old RT2500 type Belkin wireless card in my desktop, which on other Linux installs has given me great pain to setup. But the Antix utility easily detected my card and setup my network connection. For a CD burner, Antix provides a minimalist Recorder utility that is a simple interface to cdrecord, mkisofs, growisofs -- primitives which do the actual work.

With these small and efficient applications, combined with the minimal footprint of Antix, the O/S makes a great distribution for older equipment. Out of the box, so to speak, Antix provides only the ICEWM or Fluxbox menu system for launching products. But the included Rox-filer file management utility can be auto-launched as a background task from the .fluxbox/startup file. By instructing Rox to run with its pinboard option, the user is provided a utility that manages desktop icons. To use Rox-filer in this way, simply edit the .fluxbox/startup file in your user directory. Toward the bottom of the file you'll likely already find a commented out reference to rox-filer as follows:

Just uncomment this line and reload Fluxbox for a setup that will allow you to add launch icons to your desktop. When the pinboard operation of Rox-filer is used, Rox also becomes the utility to handle backgrounds for your desktop. Just right-click over any desktop icon and click the Backdrop selection, then using a launched Rox-filer, pick a background file from any of your favorite image files and drag it into the backdrop window. Issue a rox command in a terminal window and click the rox help icon to find out how to make the best use of rox.

Antix certainly isn't the only small Linux distro out there. There are a number of other very good small Linux distros, one of the more functional and popular being Puppy Linux. Go to Distrowatch to find the long list of small Linux distros that are available. There you can find which distros might be to your liking, and which are still being actively maintained.

As you can see from my Puppy Linux Review, Puppy Linux comes loaded with many more handy utilities than does Antix. One may go for some time with Pupply Linux without need of adding more software. Beware that some small distros offer very limited software selections or are no longer being actively maintained.

So how does this minimal Antix Linux compete with the distros that come packaged with larger selections of handy utilities?

What makes Antix compete very well is its Debian heritage, which leads to incredible after-install configuration flexibility. Though Puppy Linux has many of your favorite utilities in its archives, nothing compares to the depth of the Debian archive. Puppy Linux maintainers seem to realize this, and the version 5 derivatives of Puppy Linux can install many software packages from the Ubuntu archive, which is largely derived from Debian.

But since Antix is designed at the git-go from Debian, you might consider Antix the iceberg of small Linux distros. Small at the initial install, but sitting on an immense mound of selectable software packages. Virtually anything in the Debian archive can be installed using any of the Debian package management utilities, such as apt-get, aptitude, or synaptic.

So with Antix you can start small, then proceed to tailor your system in any one of several directions. You can even select from several different small or large window management or desktop environments to replace ICEWM or Fluxbox if you wish.

You can tailor your system for document making, adding OpenOffice, Koffice, TEX, LaTEX, aspell, many document format converters and viewers, and several presentation utilities. All for free, all from the Debian archive.

You can go graphical, with the GIMP, xpaint, imagemagick, and a host of other graphical manipulation or viewing utilities. You can set up to handle almost any graphical format -- all for free, all from the Debian archive.

You can create an incredible programming environment with scripting and compiling languages aplenty. Scripting languages like awk, gawk, perl, Python, Ruby, tcl, TK, just to name a few. And compiling languages like assembly, C, C++, Java, and FORTRAN. And with these programming languages are countless available libraries for doing file I/O, mathematics, graphics, and text manipulation.

Or you can set up a system to be a powerhouse for doing scientific, engineering, or modeling work. There are several matrix languages with extensive libraries for solving science, engineering, graphic, and statistical problems, including Octave, PDL, Yorick, Scilab, and Euler to mention but a few.

The Debian archive houses thousands of software packages, and Antix is a quick install, small resource requirement gateway into all of those packages. If the limited list of possibilities interests you, read on.

Obtaining and Installing Antix

Antix can be obtained from the Antix Repository. If you have a DSL or faster network connection, downloading takes but a few minutes. Once you obtain the iso file of your choice, just make a single CD copy of the iso, and prepare to install.

Antix is a live CD, so when you boot from the CD you end up in a functioning operating system. This lets you try it out for size before you decide to install. If you choose to install, simply click the Install selection on the initial Fluxbox menu.

Antix installs in a pretty conventional way, requiring a disk partition in which to reside. Even if you hunt down on the Antix website the procedures for doing a frugal install, you'll find it still requires a partition. So it would seem that a classic install is the best option.

Having said that, it's worth noting that Antix installs in just a few minutes and takes up little space compared to many of today's typical operating systems. The version I installed took up less than 850 MB on my hard drive. When Antix installs the grub boot manager (at your discretion), it does a good job of finding other installed operating systems and adding them to the GRUB configuration menu.

During the install procedure, you select a partition, check whether your computer clock is UTC or not, and select the GRUB install option. Then you're ready to reboot. Once you reboot, you should see in the GRUB menu any other operating systems you had on other partitions, including any Windows or Linux installs. Pick Antix (the default) and see how quickly it boots. Impressive, no?

Beefing Up Your Antix Install

After you've installed your initial Antix, you'll likely wish to add more utilities, like many those listed above. To begin, know that installed and ready to go is the simple command-line apt-get package management utility. So once your network is setup with Ceni-network under Admin/tools -> tools menu, type in:

This will cause apt-get to update its database of what's already installed and what's available. Then sudo apt-get install any other utilities you want. You can put several on a line, such as:

sudo apt-get vim aptitude gimp

This command would install the handy editor vim, the more user friendly package manager aptitude, and the gimp graphics editor. Another user friendly package manager is synaptic. If you decide to install either aptitude or synaptic as your choice of package manager, do an update with the one of your choice from its menu as the first command. Then, use it exclusively and don't mess with apt-get anymore. Jumping back and forth between package managers can goof up their respective databases.

Now with your favorite package manager at your disposal (I just stick with apt-get), you're ready to install any applications you may desire.

How do you know what you might want? Check Migrating From Windows for some Linux software by category. Also check out the package list at Debian Packages. There you can browse through the packages, or you can use handy search engines at the bottom of the Debian page to find specific packages you might be interested in.

Once you install a few packages, you'll appreciate the easy to use Debian package manager system, considered to be one of the best of any O/S. It's a pretty smart system, in that installing a package generally causes all supporting libraries and packages to automatically be installed.

Summary

Antix is the small Linux version from Mepis. It's provided on a live CD which gives you the chance to try it out. It installs easily from that live CD, needing only a partition in which to reside. It initially needs about 850 MB of disk space for the OS, plus a couple of gigabytes for expansion as you add utilities. It boots quickly, runs well on old equipment with a much smaller load than something like Ubuntu or Mepis. It likely is missing tools and utilities that you need or want for your work, but it can be expanded via the Debian archive to do about anything you might imagine.

When is something like Puppy Linux better? When you want more initial utilities so you don't have to install more right away, or you want something that can run well from a frugal install. That is, an install that can exist as a few files on a partition without needing to own the partition.

The major strength of Antix is it's initial smallness and efficiency, yet with virtually unlimited expansion potential by way of the enormous Debian package library.

In the past I used to install Debian by downloading the Debian collection of CD images. But as Debian grew to be over 10 CDs, I switched to downloading only the Debian install disk. This install CD boots to a minimal system and installs the rest of Debian directly over the internet.

Now, I start with Antix. It installs easier, and doesn't load up my computer with loads of stuff I don't want or ever use. Then I use a package manager to move precisely in the direction I want to go. Few other small distros would give me that easy expansion capability.

If you choose to use Antix, you can add low-resource functionality to the fluxbox version with dockapps. Check out the Fluxbox Review for some dockapp examples and how to use them. If you like extending your window manager with dockapps, see the Review ICEWM for how to make use of dockapps with ICEWM.

www.linuxgoodies.com

Give that old computer a boost with antiX Linux

Introduction

The antiX homepage says that it is designed to be fast, lightweight and easy to install.

Based on Debian’s testing branch, antiX is truly one of those distributions designed to run on older machines.

The homepage states that it will comfortably work on a Pentium PII computer with 64 megabytes of RAM.

There are 3 versions of antiX available varying in size from 690 megabytes down to a core version weighing in at just 135 megabytes. Last but not least antiX is available in 32-bit and 64-bit versions.

I have spent the past week testing antiX. Unfortunately I don’t have a PII available to really test the credentials. The oldest computer I have is a Samsung R20 with 2 gigabytes of RAM. It is about 6 or 7 years old. Whilst the test computer struggles with running Ubuntu due to its graphics capabilities it does run most other lightweight Linux operating systems without encountering any problems.

How to get antiX Linux

You can download antiX from http://antix.mepis.org/index.php?title=Main_Page#Downloads.

Once antiX has been downloaded you can burn it to a CD or you can use uNetbootin to install antiX to a USB drive.

Click here to buy a DVD or USB drive pre-installed with antiX.

 

Installation

To install antiX boot from the CD or USB drive which contains antiX and when you are in the live environment click on the “Install antiX” icon.

Before you install antiX you may wish to try a few things out such as creating a wireless internet connection.

When I tried antiX in the live environment I initially had an issue where the wiCD utility (used for setting up wireless connections) couldn’t find my home network. I will explain how I resolved this problem later on in the review.

When you first start the installer you are given a choice whether to use the stable, testing or unstable repositories for installing applications.

If this is your main computer then I would consider using the stable version or at the very least the testing branch.

 

If you are going to use this machine as a reserve computer orfor non-critical purposes then you can get away with using the unstableversion.

The first installation screen basically tells you that you are going to be given the choice and the second screen lets you make that choice.

 

After choosing the repositories you are shown a bog standard terms of use agreement.

I always find it interesting that you have to accept terms of use to install a distribution but not when using it in live mode

 

The next screen lets you choose how you are going to install antiX.

The first box lets you enter the disk to use (i.e. SDA) and then you can choose to partition your drive or if you want to go for the whole disk you can just check the box provided.

If you really are installing antiX on an older machine then I find it difficult to believe that you would even consider dual booting.

At this point the operating system will be copied to the designated disk.

On my laptop it only took a few minutes.

 

After the files have been copied you are presented with the bootloader options.

The default options will be adequate for most people.

As antiX is designed to run on an older computer the developers have provided a useful screen which lets you choose the services that run when the computer starts up.

If you don’t have a printer then there is no point starting the CUPS service.

Only a few more steps to go and antiX will be installed.

Enter a name for your computer and a domain,

Choose the keyboard, locale and timezone.

Finally create a user and enter a password and then enter a password for the root user.

 

First Impressions

antiX boots very quickly into the iceWM window manager. Whilst antiX won’t win any awards for beauty it really is very functional and more important than that it is amazingly fast.

The desktop features a few icons in the top left corner for accessing the file manager, a text editor, the web browser, video player, audio player and terminal window.

The top right corner gives you some information about your system such as the window manager in use, the kernel version, uptime, the date, how much memory is being used, cpu usage and disk space usage.

Incidentally on the Samsung R20 running idle the memory usage is just 56 megabytes. Not bad at all. This could be trimmed down by turning off some of the services.

The panel at the bottom of the screen has a menu, an icon for showing the desktop, icons for the home folder, terminal, web browser, control centre, USB devices and quit. Also on the panel are icons to represent the 4 virtual desktops.

In the bottom right corner of the panel is an audio icon and a clock. There is also an arrow which makes the panel shrink so that it is virtually out of site. (A small arrow sits in the bottom right corner).

The antiX Control Centre

The antiX Control Centre lets you administer various aspects of your system.

There is a series of tabs down the left and when you click on a tab the options on the main pane change.

On the “Desktop” pane you can choose to change the wallpaper and change window manager settings.

Changing the wallpaper is fairly easy. Simply click the “Choose wallpaper” icon and the following screen will appear.

You can choose to have a single static wallpaper or loop through a list of wallpapers.

To select the desktop picture to use click “Select Picture”.

There are a number of wallpapers to choose from but you can always go online and download one of your own.

Click “Apply” to change the wallpaper.

 

The other settings options on the “desktop” pane open a text editor with the configuration file loaded.

The “System” tab has options for managing packages, configuring the system, choosing the startup services, managing users, editing config files and setting the date and time.

The “Network” tab provides methods for connecting to wired and wireless networks which I will come onto shortly.

The “Session” tab lets you choose your screen resolution, keyboard layout and login options.

The “Live” tab provides a method for remastering antiX and for setting up persistence.

The “Disks” tab has options for partitioning a drive, creating an antiX USB drive, backing up your system and synchronising directories.

Finally the “Hardware” tab lets you see system information, lets you set up printers and enables you to adjust the audio settings.

Connecting to the internet

To connect to the internet open up the Control Centre and navigate to the “Network” tab.

There are a couple of methods available for connecting to a wireless network but I recommend using wiCD.

When I first used wiCD no networks could be found.

To fix this problem I had to click the arrow in the top right corner and select “Preferences”.

 

On the “General Settings” tab I had to enter wlan0 and then click the “OK” button.

When I clicked “Refresh” on the main wiCD screen my networks suddenly appeared.

All I had to do then was click “Properties” next to the relevant network and enter the security key.

Clicking “Connect” then connected me to the required network.

 

Applications

antiX has a really good selection of applications available.

Accessories

  • Archive Manager
  • Clipit (Clipboard Manager)
  • Gjots2Jotter (Manage notes)
  • Leafpad (Text editor)
  • luckyBackup (Backup Utility)
  • SpaceFM (File Search)
  • Zim (Desktop WIKI)

Games

  • DosBox Emulator (Play DOS games)
  • Gweled
  • lBreakout2 (Breakout, Arkanoid)
  • nJam
  • xMahjongg (Mahjongg)

Graphics

  • gColor2 (Colour picker)
  • gtKam (Digital camera browser)
  • LibreOffice Draw (Drawing package)
  • Mirage (Image viewer)
  • mtPaint (Graphic Editor)
  • PhotoPrint (Photo Printing)
  • Presentations (Presentation tool)
  • Screenshot (Screengrabbing tool)
  • XSane (Scanning tool)Internet
  • Claws Mail (eMail client)
  • Dillo (Web browser)
  • gFTP (FTP Client)
  • IceWeasel (Web browser)
  • Pidgin (Messenger)
  • Transmission (Bittorrent)

Office

  • LibreOffice (Full office suite)
  • ePDF Viewer (PDF Viewer)

Programming

Sound and Video

  • Asunder (CD Ripper)
  • Gnome MPlayer (Music player)
  • Goggles (Music player)
  • GTK Youtube Viewer
  • Streamtuner2 (Listen to online radio and rip the streams)
  • xmms (Music Player)

IceWeasel is a decent web browser and is a great solution for a lightweight operating system.

Clawsas an email client isn’t as fully featured as Thunderbird but once youget it set up you can use it to view your webmail such as GMail.

The GTK Youtube viewer lets you watch youtube videos through a standard desktop application.

There is a good search facility on the right side of the screen.

When you have found what you are looking for the video loads into a new window.

 

My favourite application was Streamtuner.

I have come across Streamtuner on a number of occasions and it is a great tool for finding and listening to online radio stations.

Once you have found the station you want to listen to you can play the stream through the specified audio player or you can rip the streams to disk.

 

Installing Applications

Synaptic is provided as the default graphical package manager for antiX.

Whilst Mint fans will quite rightly speak about how good the Mint Software Manager is, I don’t think there is a better tool out there than Synaptic.

Simply type the name of the application or a keyword to describe the application in the filter and a list of potential candidates appear.

Right click and mark the application to be installed and you will be notified of all the required dependencies.

Click “Apply” to install the software.

Flash and MP3

There isn’t really anything to put here other than the fact that Flash is installed and so are the necessary codecs for playing MP3 audio files.

Issues

Hardly anything came up during my testing of antiX. I have already mentioned the wiCD tool not picking up the wireless networks until I edited the preferences screen.

In addition to this the audio mixer was set quite low by default but this was easily remedied.

Finally in Streamtuner when I clicked play the audio streams didn’t play. I checked the preferences for Streamtuner and the default audio application for Streamtuner was Audacious. Audacious isn’t installed by antiX. To remedy this I replaced Audacious in the settings with XMMS and then I was able to listen to the selected radio stations.

Summary

antiX is a great operating system. I loved every minute whilst using it.

antiX won’t be for everybody and probably isn’t going to be used by many people as their main operating system.

If you have an older PC lying around with Windows XP (or even Windows 98) on it then replace it with antiX and you will make your computer more secure and perform better. (You will also have a browser that is more likely to display the web pages in the way they are supposed to be displayed).

You can use antiX for recovering broken Windows systems, ripping music from online radio stations, as a jukebox or even as a web kiosk.

If you spend most of your time online then antiX keeps out of the way to let you get on with browsing the web, using Facebook etc.

antiX was easy to install, relatively easy to use and the performance was spectacularly good.

Thankyou for reading.

Alternatives to antiX

www.everydaylinuxuser.com

Обзор легкого и быстрого дистрибутива MX-16 "Metamorphosis"

В этой статье мне хотелось бы сделать небольшой обзор дистрибутива Linux  MX-16, основанного на оригинальном Debian. Кто-то может упрекнуть меня в том, что в данном случае я отступаюсь от своих принципов освещения на  Compizomania дистрибутивов основанных на Ubuntu, но это на совсем так. Просто я хочу прежде всего помочь тем пользователям, которые хотят "оживить" свой старый или установить на маломощный компьютер работоспособную и в тоже время красивую систему Linux, т.к. актуальные дистрибутивы Ubuntu и их производные не всегда можно задействовать без проблем на старое или маломощное "железо".

Итак, что же это за дистрибутив из семейства Debian?

 MX Linux представляет собой слияние между Antix и MEPIS, используя лучшие инструменты и возможности из каждого дистрибутива.

Актуальный на данный момент дистрибутив MX-16 "Metamorphosis" основан на стабильной ветке Debian Stable "Jessie" 8.6 и позиционируется как лёгкая, быстрая, красивая и стабильная система, рассчитанная для установки на старые и маломощные компьютеры (32-bit), с рабочим окружением XFCE 4.12 по умолчанию, и большинством автоматически интегрированных драйверов Broadcom (для WiFi). MX-16 выпускается в двух редакциях: 32 и 64-bit.

Основные характеристики:

   - Ядра системы (пропатчены и защищены от известных уязвимостей):       В системе 32-bit: ядро Linux 3.16 PAE или без PAE. Очень стабильное ядро для многих машин (особенно старых или маломощных).       В системе 64-bit: ядро Linux 4.7.0-0.bpo.1-amd64 (версия 4.7.8-1). Последнее стабильное ядро ​​для новых, более производительных машин.

       Простое обновление или установка пакетов с Package Installer. (установщик пакетов похожий на Ubuntu After Install).

   - Основа дистрибутива:        Debian Stable "Jessie" (8.6), с подключённым репозиторием Backports        Рабочее окружение Xfce 4.12.2        Основные пакеты системы Antix    Автоматическое включение большинства драйверов Broadcom    Установщик UEFI (64-bit)

    Детали о системе и компьютере: выполнить в терминале команду inxi -F    Или установить и выполнить в терминале screenfetch:

Как видно на снимке, система на старте (15 мин.) потребляет малое количество оперативной памяти - RAM: 226MB.

Основные приложения по умолчанию:

    Браузер: Firefox 50.0.2    Видео плеер: VLC 2.2.4    Музыкальный проигрыватель: Clementine 1.3.1    Клиент электронной почты: Thunderbird 45.5.1    Офисный пакет: LibreOffice 5.2.2    Резервное копирование: LuckyBackup 0.4.8    Безопасность: Пароли и ключи 3.14.0    Terminal: Xfce4 Терминал 0.6.2.

Практика использования:

    Стабильный дистрибутив.     Легкая и гибкая установка.     Превосходное распознавание аппаратных средств.     Автоматическая настройка для большинства пользователей.     Изменение в Один клик ориентации панели (вертикально или горизонтально) и темы по умолчанию.     Один клик для включения/отключения звуков событий.     Важные приложения регулярно обновляется разработчиками и сообществом.     Приборная панель Инструменты MX для быстрого доступа к приложениям MX.     Локализация MX-приложений на многих языках.     Большая помощь через видеоролики.     Полное Руководство пользователя pdf (рус.).     Отличная поддержка на форуме пользователей (англ.).

Оригинальные приложения MX:

    Live:         Create Live USB (Создание образа на флешке)         Remaster tool         Snapshot (Создание собственного iso-образа системы)     Сопровождение и поддержка:         Boot repair (Восстановление загрузчикаGRUB)         Flash manager (Установка плагинов для видео)         Menu editor (Настройщик системного меню)         User manager (Удобный менеджер пользователя)     Настройки:         Broadcom manager (Выбор драйвера WiFi)         Codecs installer (Установщик кодеков)         Default look (Изменение темы оформления налету)         Panel orientation (Выбор расположения системной панели - вертикально/горизонтально)         Select sound (Выбор звуковой карты)         System sounds (Выбор звуковой темы системы)         Welcome (Окно Добро пожаловать с опциями)     Приложения:         Apt notifier (Оповещение об обновлениях)         Check Apt GPG (Проверка подлинности ключей Apt)         Debian Backports installer (Установщик дополнительных пакетов Debian Backports)         Package installer (Установка/удаление дополнительных пакетов/программ)         Repo manager (Менеджер репозиториев/Источники программ)         Test Repo installer (Установщик тестовых репозиториев)     Полезные инструменты:         Find shares (Поиск и просмотр ресурсов сети)         Switch user (Смена пользователя)         USB unmounter (Отмонтировать/отсоединить устройства USB/флешки)

Заключение

Как я упоминал в самом начале статьи,  дистрибутива MX-16 "Metamorphosis" работает одинаково быстро и стабильно, как на маломощных компьютерах - 32-bit, так и на современных машинах - 64-bit.

Загрузить  дистрибутива MX-16 "Metamorphosis" 32 или 64-bit можно с официальной страницы загрузки, по следующей ссылке:

Домашняя страница  https://mxlinux.org/

Удачи.

compizomania.blogspot.ru


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